Philip leads a team of specialists providing forecasts and analysis on countries in the Middle East and Africa. His role involves frequent media and conference appearances, where he provides critical insight and analysis on the political, economic and business environments in the region. Combined with this, Philip also manages the regional output of The Economist Intelligence Unit's Country Risk Service. This involves providing technical and analytical leadership to the team's country specialists on sovereign credit, currency and banking sector risk issues. Philip joined the EIU in 2004. Prior to this, he worked in the UK Government Economic Service. He has held posts in the Department of Trade and Industry, UK Trade & Investment and the UK export credit agency. Philip studied mathematical economics at the University of Birmingham.